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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Pick eggplant when the skin takes on a high gloss. Soak seeds overnight to encourage germination; sow them ¼ inch deep in a loose, fine medium, such as vermiculite. This article was co-authored by Steve Masley. Harvest the fruits while they are small and firm, and use them within one to two days. They’ll need these warm temperatures and two to three weeks to germinate. Be sure to work some compost and well-rotted manure into your soil before planting. Sow eggplant seed ¼ to ½ inch (12mm) deep spaced 4 to 5 inches (10-12cm) apart. Selecting seeds for planting. 3 Where summers are short, varieties that mature quickly and produce medium to small fruits can easily be grown in containers. But with the arrival of COVID-19, the stakes are higher than ever. The soil must be kept warm to ensure germination. Eggplants growing in cold soil or exposed to chilly weather will sulk and potentially suffer from insect and disease problems. The best eggplant varieties for growing in Canada include the Indian (long), the Thai (round), the Filipino (small) and the European (ovoide). It is native to India. For the best results, fill a seed tray with a non-soil growing medium, like vermiculite or compost. Eggplant seeds require consistent warmth to germinate, so a propagation heat padis recommended. In the sunny, dry climate of the Mediterranean basin, eggplant found the warm growing conditions it prefers and soon found its way into the classic cuisines of the region. Eggplant is a popular vegetable crop grown commonly grown in the regions of subtropics and tropics. Soil: Eggplants grow best in a well-drained soil that is relatively high in organic matter. When outside nighttime air temperatures are above 50 degrees, gradually expose them to the outdoors to harden them off. Start eggplant seeds indoors 6-9 weeks before the last frost is expected. When the seedlings are 3 inches tall, transfer them into individual pots filled with the same growing medium you used in the seed tray. How to Grow Eggplant – pixabay.com Once an eggplant produces fruits, it is just a matter of time before it falls over due to the weight. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Weeding around the young transplants is essential. It is better to purchase planting material in specialized institutions. Most seedling pests can be controlled organically with insecticidal soap. Eggplant seedlings grow best in 72- and 128-cell trays, which have large seed containers that accommodate root growth. Lebanese eggplants produce fruit 12 to 14 weeks after planting, and are pollinated by bees. Growing eggplants in a container. • While slow, eggplants grow readily from seed sown in pots of quality seed-raising mix, and allow you to grow interesting varieties not readily available as seedlings. Interplant an early crop, such as lettuce, between the eggplant transplants. Water deeply (12 inches deep), but keep in mind that eggplant does not like standing water. Eggplant will often respond well to side-dress applications of nitrogen and potassium one month after planting. Sowing Seed . Use bottom heat to maintain a soil temperature of 80 to 90 degrees for the eight to 10 days required for sprouting. We've been helping billions of people around the world continue to learn, adapt, grow, and thrive for over a decade. After preparing the seeds, prepare the container that you will use. This is because eggplants that are cross-pollinated will produce genetically variable seeds and possibly inedible fruit the following year. Eggplants are heavy feeders. Eggplants should not be re-planted outdoors until the temperature is at least 70 °F (21 °C). Stake and cage them early. References. Plants grown from store-bought seedlings can start fruiting in 70 days. Eggplants need about an inch of water per week, depending on the soil moisture. How to Store Eggplant. Solanaceae (Potato and tomato family) Soil. Growing eggplant would be ridiculously easy if not for eggplant flea beetles. Watch out for the small prickles that line the stems and the cap of some varieties, as they are a skin irritant. The pot must have a 5-gallon (20-liter) capacity, at minimum, and each eggplant should have approximately 1 foot (30.5 centimeters) of space to grow. Please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The ideal temperature for eggplant is 30-degree Celsius or 86 Fahrenheit. Major pests. Eggplant seeds germinate in about 5 to 6 days. When the first set of flowers emerge, pinch them off. Improve native soil by mixing in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter. Full sun. Choose an area with abundant sunlight and fertile, well-drained soil. Catnip, Marigold, Beans, Pepper and Tarragon. For the best results, fill a seed tray with a non-soil growing medium, like vermiculite or compost. Also, read the instructions from the manufacturer to learn how to properly take care of the plant. The Japanese eggplants are my personal … Growing eggplants in containers is not complicated, and if you’re a fan of grilling and oven broiling, you should grow this delicious and PRODUCTIVE vegetable. To prevent this, you can either use a cage or stake to keep your eggplant upright. The potted seedlings should be kept indoors until the outdoor temperature reaches at least 70 °F (21 °C). Keep your particular eggplant variety at least 50 feet away from all other types of eggplants to ensure you get the same kind. According to the team at Grow it Organically: "The time of the last frost can vary a little based on the location of your garden. Sow seeds to grow eggplants in all shapes, colours and sizes. Welcome to your go-to guide for growing eggplant in containers.For some, eggplant (also known as aubergine) may seem bland or possibly even mushy, but it’s a versatile vegetable that can be enjoyed in many different dishes and cuisines.Some of the most popular Italian recipes use eggplant as the main ingredient, but it’s also enjoyed in Indian, Japanese, Chinese, and Middle … Flea beetles, which chew many tiny holes in leaves, are eggplant's worst pest. From midsummer onward, drench with a liquid feed every two weeks. Later in the season, cold nights will injure fruit left on the plant. The two most common “standard” eggplant varieties are Black Beauty and Black Magic.. Black Beauty produces four to six large fruits at a time, while Black Magic, Early Bird, Purple Rain, and other cultivars produce similarly-sized fruits. Planting Eggplant. Allow to soak while you prepare the rest of the meal.Prepare rice and place it on to cook. Mulching around eggplant plants will help keep weeds down, and help retain warmth and moisture in the soil. Eggplant enjoy a long growing season, but you can extend your season by starting plants indoors. The best way to avoid this is by picking fruits on the young side, when they are a third to two-thirds of their fully mature size. For more advice from our Gardening co-author, including how to protect your eggplant from insects, keep reading. Purple Eggplant fruit. What Kind of Conditions Do Eggplant Plants Thrive In? Start eggplants from seed indoors about 8 weeks before setting seedlings in the vegetable garden. To grow big, beautiful eggplants, Jabbour’s top tip is to “water consistently, especially if eggplant is planted in pots.” When it comes to water, though, Jabbour adds that you shouldn’t overwater your eggplants. They are small and develop quicker, and they are pretty disease resistant as well. Layer at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) of mulch to protect your plants. Remember not to plant where tomatoes, peppers, eggplants or potatoes have grown the previous year. Water: Once established, eggplants can tolerate dry conditions. You’ll also need to use stakes, like bamboo sticks, to hold up your plants as they grow. Good Housekeeping participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. Growing eggplant would be ridiculously easy if not for eggplant flea beetles. Start indoors 35 to 55 days before the last frost and harden off at least ten days before putting it in its permanent location. To test, press the skin. By adding organic compounds into the soil, you can dramatically increase the production of the eggplant. If you don’t, you risk the plant tipping over from the weight of the fruit. Living on a hill can affect the date of the last frost. All nitrogen improvers are good companions for your N-loving eggplants! If the weather is hot, you may need to water more than once per day to keep the soil moist. Eggplants need warmth, so it is best to start them indoors and transplant them once the weather is warm enough. As a warm weather crop, eggplant is very sensitive to cold. Hand picking is also effective for tomato hornworms, 4-inch green caterpillars with white stripes. If you do not have garden space to grow eggplants, try growing a single plant in a 5 gallon pot. In case the plants are kept in a container, you need to stake the stems before the plants start to produce fruits. Don't destroy those covered with tiny white cocoons; these contain the parasitic offspring of the beneficial braconid wasp. A classic eggplant is deep purple and pear-shaped, but when you grow your own, you can try a cornucopia of other colors and shapes, from elongated lavender-and-white Fairy Tale to the round, violet-blushed Rosa Bianca. Sow eggplant seeds in cell packs or small pots, 1/4 inch deep. Steve Masley has been designing and maintaining organic vegetable gardens in the San Francisco Bay Area for over 30 years. Use a dome or cloche to retain heat as well as humidity to encourage germination when eggplant seed planting indoors.. At optimal conditions, the growing eggplant seeds should germinate within seven days. This video I conduct experiment on how can eggplant grow from cutting. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. After harvesting eggplant, you can enjoy it in a variety of dishes in a variety of dishes, including eggplant Parmesan and moussaka. The Japanese/Asian eggplants are an excellent choice for container gardening. Full sun. Be sure to keep eggplants warm and watered to ensure their healthy growth. Eggplants growing in cold soil or exposed to chilly weather will sulk and potentially suffer from insect and disease problems. Growing eggplant from seed requires some care, but it is worth the effort because there is a huge variety you can buy in seed form, while nurseries often carry only a few types. Choose a large pot to house your mature eggplant. Keep the soil moist. Eggplant varieties differ in size, shape, color, and maturation time. Use a 5-gallon container for each plant and fill with moistened organic potting mix. You’ll want to use an organic, soil focused, balanced fertilizer at the time of planting and supplement throughout the season. Lift the row covers to water your eggplants, and remove them completely when it's time to harvest. If you live in a cooler climate, try planting eggplants in a. Self-fertile eggplant flowers can be fertilized by wind alone, but buzz … Growing Eggplants. Eggplant seeds germinate in 5 to 6 days. Grass clippings make a good anti-weed barrier, too. Absent adequate rainfall, provide a single watering each week, moistening the soil to a depth of 6 inches. Aim to germinate the seeds 6-9 weeks before the last frost of the year is predicted. Warm, fertile, and well drained. This article has been viewed 16,865 times. Eggplant and all other nightshade vegetables need generous watering to grow. Seedlings can be transplanted to the garden in about two months, or they can be grown to maturity in … To grow eggplant, start by planting your seeds 6 to 9 weeks before the last frost is expected. Eggplants are also good for container growing, with one plant per 5-gallon pot. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 16,865 times. How to grow Eggplant from seed? A stake or pole is fine, but a trellis would work too. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. It’s only real pest is the black flea beetle, which are said to not trouble eggplants that are grown at least a foot and a half off the ground, meaning patio containers and raised beds are the perfect place to grow eggplant. Warm, fertile, and well drained. Cover the plants if there are low temperatures in the forecast. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Preparing the Garden Soil . How To Grow Eggplants Eggplants can be grown from seed, as punnet seedlings or as more advanced grafted plants. Thin plants after 2-3 true leaves have formed. Growing from seeds usually take tropical or subtropical temperatures, or after frost has gone in more temperate locations. Frost tolerant. How to grow eggplant from seed? Start eggplant inside 3-4 weeks before the last frost. Introduction of Eggplant Growing. Although it is quite challenging to grow eggplants from seeds, this is the common option for many home gardeners. Eggplant Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. To grow eggplants from cuttings, first take your cuttings from existing plants at the end of the growing season and start them indoors. When planting eggplant, be sure to add a structural support when planting. Do not let the eggplants hang on the plant once they are mature, because their quality will decline. Be sure to use grass clipping from untreated lawns, as chemicals and fertilizers may harm your plants. Clay or plastic pot will be good choices. For more advice from our Gardening co-author, including how to protect your eggplant from insects, keep reading. Cell containers raised beds, which heat up quickly in spring, try planting eggplants in a traditional garden! Covid-19, the higher is the likelihood that the roots will suffer from insect and disease problems when it time... Organic vegetable gardens in the season, if you plant them in March, can... To all authors for creating a page that has been amended with compost or on! If plants become infested, spraying Beauveria bassiana or spinosad may knock back population. Hang on the plant once they reach 3 inches of compost or manure on the growing season if... 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