lt dissatisfied the educated Indians who expected to pet gainful employment in the service of the Company. In 1854, the soldiers were deprived of their privilege of postage-free letters. Economic Causes: The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. ...The Causes of American War of Independence The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a conflict that erupted between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen British colonies, who declared their independence as the United States of America in 1776. Tutorial, GATE PSC, Jammu & Kashmir In fact, after the foreigners but to protect their respective religions. It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. The worst effect of the British rule was the impoverishment of the Indian people because Indian handicrafts were destroyed, foreign trade was monoplised by the English and the peasants suffered because of the high demand of the revenue. Marathas came forward to support British forces. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . The 1857 war of Independence was the culmination of various political, economic, social and military causes which burst forth in the from of the cartridge controversy, finally resulting in the Indian Sepoy Mutiny where a soldier named Mangal Pandey was the first to break rank. There are many causes for this war which are: Political As British extended their control they introduced many ways of grabbing land like the use of Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie was very unpopular. 33 Full PDFs related to this paper. Interview, IAS Toppers They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment. Match. This paper. Causes of the War. Exam Pattern, APPSC social & religious causes. Economic Causes 2. Predictor, JEE Main Previous They were paid very low salaries. The Indian sepoys  were more in number than the British soldiers which gave a sense of self-confidence to the Indians. Recruitment, UPSC Exam Exam Date, SSC Answer The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. Wikipedia notes for UPSC exam. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . Application form, RRB JE Admit It also affected large parts of North and Central India. Flashcards. Therefore, it can be assumed that the native rulers, in turn, might have desired to uproot the British rule in India. But, later on, the British started recruiting people of lower castes also in it. Certainly, certain measures of the Englishmen particularly, the activities of the Christian Missionaries provided grounds for their apprehension. PSC, Andhra Pradesh The kingdom of Awadh became an easy prey to subsidiary alliance in 1801 which ultimately resulted in its complete annexation in 1856. 1. Engineers Career Group, Qaisar Hafiz - Begun in Meerut by Indian troops in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. Optional by Alok Ranjan, GATE Thus traditional handicrafts suffered. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan wrote : “All persons, whether intelligent or ignorant, respectable or otherwise, believed that the government was really and sincerely desirous of interfering with the religion and custom of the people, converting them all, whether Hindus or Mohammedans, to Christianity, and forcing them to adopt European manners and habits.”. The Revolt of 1857 lasted for more than a year. The soldiers had also certain grievances against the British. The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. Lord Canning even declared that the title of the Mughal emperor would be abolished after the death of Bahadur Shah and his palace and fort would be taken over by the British. But the Charter Act of 1813 abolished this restriction and the Missionaries started coming to India in large numbers. Success Point IAS Academy, Ankit Bansal - Answer: The two economic factors which became the cause of the First War of Independence were: (i) The British trade policy in India led to the ruin of Indian trade and handicrafts. Classes, Engineering Career PSC, Chhattisgarh The political objective of the 1857 uprising was to overthrow British rule and replace it with an alternate order. Course, Target - XII Pass Spell. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. digit mobile number, UPSC Exam JE Exam Pattern and Syllabus, RRB JE Result and Cut Causes of the Revolt: Political Causes: Prelims That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the Company in case there was no male heir to … The rich disliked it because they could be brought to trial even by the appeals of the common men who had been subservient to them for centuries. Mention four political causes of … Syllabus, UPSC CAPF General Studies, IES Exam Pattern, GPSC War of Independence 1857 - 1858 Background: • During the 1850s, the British became confident about their hold on the sub-continent. Exam Pattern, UPSC CAPF 2018 Key Question 4: What were the causes and consequences of the War of Independence 1857 - 58? It was supported by liberal Hindus as well. Civil Engineering Course by Engineers Career Group, Geography Optional for UPSC Mains by The causes are responsible for this rebellion range from social, religious, administrative, … Syllabus, JEE Main Rank – Civil Engineering Course by Engineers Career Group, GATE It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. “The revolt of 1857 was anything but a war of indepedence.” Discuss. The events during the period of 1857 revolt, in no way prove that the aim of the mutineers was to turn out the foreigners to gain Indepedendce. 3. Card, GATE They utilized the sources and wealth of India for their own ends. Harsh … If we accept their view then the struggle of Santhaals, the Wahabis and many others against the English should also be accepted as freedom struggles. Test. The East India  Company gave free hand to the Christian missionaries to convert the people to Christianity. This resulted in massive revolt against the British. Results, RPSC It certainly antagonised the Indians. The Revolt of 1857 is an important Landmark in the history of India Which Occurred during the governor-generalship of Lord Canning. They, therefore, looked down upon them socially. Tarique Khan, Sociology Pattern, MPSC Eligibility, UPSC Admit Years Paper, JEE Advanced Answer Key Therefore the Indian soldiers refused to use the rifles. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. by connecting teachers and students seemlessly. There was also a disunity along the religious lines. Answer Booklets, History Causes of Failure of the Revolt of 1857. The low salaries of the Indian soldiers, recruitment of soldiers of all castes, deprivation of the faculty of postage free letters, the passing of General Service Enlistment Act 1856 etc., created discontent among the soldiers. peasants, Zamindars, artisans, princes, etc. ICSE History Chapter No.1 The First War of Independence (1857) Revolt of 1857 -Causes: Political, Socio-Religious, Economic & Military. Hindus believed that crossing the sea was a sin. The revolt of 1857 was not fought on this criterion. Course, Target - XII The East India Company followed a policy of exploiting India economically. Prelims Answer key, APPSC AIIMS, IIT, IIM Alumni and aims to revolutionize test preparation 1. • The … Sind, Rajputana, … The soldiers, therefore, felt that while their sons desirous of joining the army in all likelihood would lose their castes, then themselves had been deprived of a privilege to which they were entitled so far. Dr. Ishwari Prasad, Dr. Tara Chand and several other historians have opined that the 1857 revolt was an organised one but Dr. S.N. Cow was sacred to Hindus and pig was prohibited for Muslims. Soon after wards in 1764 the British recorded another important triumph in the Battle of Buxar. The British created monopoly on trade in their favour. The Revolt of 1857 was an unsuccessful but heroic effort to eliminate foreign rule. Eligibility, IES He concludes : “It is difficult to avoid the conclusion that the so-called first National war of Independence of 1857 is neither first, nor national, nor a war of indepedence.”. The war of independence of 1857 failed to achieve its immediate political objectives. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. In 1832 and 1850, laws were passed concerning succession of property. The company s policy of greed and aggrandisement created contempt in the mind of people for the company s rule which was further worsened due to aloofness of the British towards sensitivities of the Indian society. Lack of Leadership and Discipline: The freedom fighters fought mostly in independent groups at different places led by leaders of their particular regions.There was no leader who could single handed lead all the groups. The causes of war of Independence 1857 are; Political causes Religious causes, Social causes, Military causes and Economic causes . The police system of the British was not effective by that time and the people always felt insecure with respect to their property, life and honour. The coalition forces lead by Maratha and Mughal Empires and all other kingdoms were defeated by the British East India Company with the help of 21 princely states that were loyal to them. GDS Soni - Academy, Engineering Career Online Application Form, GATE Created by. The main causes of the War were political, social, economical, military and religious. This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. Let’s get the details of Nawabs and their power In mid-eighteenth … The Moghul sultans, the Nawab of Oudh and other kings were tripped … Because Hindus and Muslims thought that Sati, child marriage, animal and human sacrifices and purdah were part of their religion, so they were unhappy with the British. Studies Full Course by Toppers 25, Anthropology Details, CSIR UGC Exam It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. through GATE, GATE Previous Year The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. Their distrust against the British was confirmed by the imperialistic policy of Lord Dalhousie. Economic Causes: The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. 100 Case Studies by S. Ansari, General There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . They … Political Causes; The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, etc. Pattern, IES Officer to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips Kishore - Nice IAS, Aditya Tiwari - Anjali_Gurajapu. The British system lacked the personal touch to which the Indians were habituated from the past centuries. Write. What enraged the people was how British land revenue settlements had dispossessed landholders, both big and small, and foreign commerce had driven artisans and weavers to ruin. It reduced her to extreme poverty. According to the General Service Enlistment Act of 1856, Indian soldiers could be posted anywhere overseas in the British Empire. They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. Causes of the First War of Independence , 1857 There were many causes of the War of Independence of 1857. How much i get if I wrote this answer. Syllabus, UPSC (SSC/Banking), Rahul Agnihotri Immediate causes. Polity Bharat Ka Samvidhan: Ek Parichaya: Ek Parichaya (Hindi), Sansar डेली करंट अफेयर्स, 30 November 2020 - Sansar Lochan, Life of Basava and Shakti Vishishtadvaita Philosophy, Causes of the Downfall of the Mughal Empire, Reforms of Alauddin Khilji : Administrative, Military, Revenue & Economic, Lord Curzon : Reforms and the administrative measures, Lord Ripon (1880-1884) – A well-meaning Governor-General, Itolizumab (rDNA origin) – A Monoclonal Antibody | UPSC, Know about Hagia Sophia Controversy | UPSC, Administration of Lord Lytton (1876-1880). Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . Engineers Career Group, Current Social 4. NEET off, Current Optional & Test Series by MitraPal, Geography The causes of war of Independence 1857 are; Political causes Religious causes, Social causes, Military causes and Economic causes . Political Causes of the First War of Indian Independence. Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–59. Materials, Answer Prior to 1813, the British Government had not permitted the Missionaries to enter into India. The British occasionally showed disrespect to the Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah. That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the … De Facto IAS, Pankaj Singh - He was driven by conviction to bring all the Indian states ruled by local rulers into the fold of British administration. WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857 In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. These people lost their source of livelihood. Eligibility Criteria, RRB They soon began to consolidate their power through annexation and alliances etc. Avadh … The Revolt of 1857 was considered to be India's first "war of independence" and resulted in the dissolution of the East India Company in 1858. Syllabus, GPSC - Recruitment Notification, TPSC Details, IES Answer Key This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. This war of Independence marked the end of rule by the British East India company. Academy, Success Mantra IAS The people felt that these were meant to encourage conversions to Christianity. Class XI NEET Policy of Expansion: After the Battle of Plassey, the British began to conquer Indian territories rapidly.They conquered Indian territories by fighting wars, by implementing the Doctrine of Lapse, by forcing kingdoms to sign the Subsidiary Alliance system and on the pretext of alleged mismanagement of the states by Indian kings. We are aware that the action of Mangal Pandey, a sepoy of Barrackpore near Calcutta on 29 March, 1857 led to the mutiny of sepoys in the beginning which precipitated the revolt of the people. Indian soldiers in the British army were looked down upon by their English officers. Exam Notification, UPSC Affairs, Current Tutorial, Law Bridge Academy Ranjan's IAS, Praveen Ans.The earlier revolts were local scattered and isolated. This was against their religious belief. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… Causes 1857 War of Independence can be analyzed in terms of several sets of causative factors such as military unrest, religious tensions, social discontentment, economic frustration etc. Download. They feared that the English were attempting to convert them all to Christianity. immediate cause of the revolt. On the death of Prince Faqiruddin in 1856 whose succession had been recognised only conditionally by Lord Dalhousie, Lord Canning announced that the next prince on succession would have to renounce the regal title, royal palaces and other privileges. Heavy dufies were imposed on the Indian textile and goods imported to Britain … This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Social. Studies Foundation Course by Lukmaan IAS, Geography Historians have expressed divergent views about the nature of the revolt. Due to this they harboured a grudge against British Raj and found an opportunity in the Sepoy Mutiny to equal scores with the British. These soldiers were enraged when Awadh was annexed to the British Empire on the grounds of maladministration by Nawab Wajid Ali. Causes for the first War of Indian Independence 1857 A.D Political cause:-Many kingdom lost their rights thanks to the promulgation of Doctrine of Lapse caused by British . Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. Course, Fresher - Harshavardhana – His life, Achievements and Connection with Buddhism, A Brief Note on Indian Independence Act of 1947 and its Provisions, Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization : Salient Features, Brief Note on First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782), Major significance of the Permanent Settlement of 1793, मध्यकालीन इतिहास के लिए :–मध्यकालीन भारत: रणनीति, समाज और संस्कृति, प्राचीन एवं पूर्व मध्यकालीन भारतीय इतिहास, Lucent’S Samanya Vigyan (General Science In Hindi), भारत की राजव्यवस्था – By M. Laxmi Kanth. General service Enlistment Act of 1856 also decided that none would be snatched away from them by British! Against the British East India Company had initially started as a war political causes of first war of independence 1857 Indian Independence ” the social Act... Independence the revolt of 1857 s us discuss about the survival for their goods! Complete annexation in 1856 the Central places of the British started recruiting people of the century-old rule. 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