Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Indian became a typical colony of the British, by exporting raw materials and importing British goods. The dissolution of courts following the annexation of princely states by the British left many highly skilled artisans virtually jobless. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… PRE-1857 REVOLTS CIVIL UPRISINGS Sanyasi Revolt (1763-1800): The disastrous famine of 1770 and the harsh economic order of the British compelled a group of sanyasis in Eastern India to fight the British yoke. IMPORTANT BOOKS ON REVOLT OF 1857: The Revolt of 1857 is an important landmark in the history of India which occurred during the governor generalship of LORD CANNING. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. The policy of taxing lands belonging to temples and mosques lent further … Here is the complete list of all books and authors .have a look. The revolt of 1857 in India was an important landmark in shaping the British rule towards Indians. The discontent and disaffection of Indians ultimately manifested in the form of the Great Rebellion of 1857. Loss of status for Zamindars = … These are the various causes resulted in the revolt of 1857. 1. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. The Revolt of 1857 which is called ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ... Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, the economic policies of the British resulted in impoverishing all the segments of the Indian society except a handful of collaborators among the Indians. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. (iv) Removal of kings from the power. are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 8, which is also the largest student community of Class 8. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. The revolt marked the end of the East India Company’s rule in India. MEDIUM. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Originally peasants, even some evicted from land, these sanyasis were joined by a large number of dispossessed small zamindars, disbanded soldiers and rural poor. Indians were ill-treated and poorly behaved by the Whites which outraged the people of India. • Answer. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. The revolt of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, the Great Rebellion and India s first war of independence was the result of colonial policies of the British Raj and prolonged resentment of different sections of Indian society such as Sepoys, Zamindars, Peasants, Artisans against discriminatory British policies. Lord Dalhousies policy of annexation and the Doctrine of lapse had made the Indian rulers angry and insecure. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. Economic Exploitation. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. At the same time, an Indian sepoy killed two British officers at Barrackpore, when he was forced to use greased cartridges. Economic Causes: (i) Industrial revolution. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Political Causes . The real command was in the hands of Bakht Khan who had ... Kanpur: Lucknow: Jhansi. Thus, the revolt was a result of the accumulated grievances of the people against the policies of the British and their hatred for the foreign rule. Answer. Major Centres of Revolt; Causes of Revolt. But after 1688,Indian textiles become so popular in England that pepper, indigo,spices and other goods were. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. India now came under the direct rule of the British Crown. The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. This hurt all sections of society. The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. ii. The self-confidence of the British and their plans for the rapid westernization of India through social reforms were shattered. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? What are the Economic causes the revolt of 1857? • The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection Causes of the Revolt of 1857. D) increased pressure on agricultural land View Answer / Hide Answer Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. If the answer is not available please wait for a while and a community member will probably answer this soon. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. The Revolt of 1857 ended an era and sowed the seeds of a new era i.e., the era of Territorial Expansion gave place to the ear of Economic Exploitation. The policy of the British Company to cripple the Indian trade and commerce by imposing heavy duties and import of the machine-made goods at a nominal duty was much against the wishes of the people. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. # The Ruin of the Trade and Handicrafts:The East India Company had been established in 1600 A.D. to compete with the Dutch in pepper trade. A natural concequences of the British rule was the economic exploitation of the country. Dalhousie’s policy of annexation threatened many princely states and they were the first ones to pick up arms against British. They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… The company s policy of greed and aggrandisement created contempt in the mind of people for the company s rule which was further worsened due to aloofness of the British towards sensitivities of the Indian society. The peasants suffered due to … British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. (ii) Satara, Jhansi, Udaipur, Jaipur came under British control. This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. The Questions and Answers of What were the political causes of revolt of 1857? economic causes of revolt of 1857 » Zamindars were forced to collect heavy taxes from peasants and if they were not able to collect than zamindari will be passed to someone else which infuriated them and these are the people who mostly lead the revolts. The Revolt of 1857 is called as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the turning point in the account of pre-independent and early colonial India. Political Causes ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes ; Economic Causes ; Administrative Causes ; Military Causes; 9 POLITICAL CAUSES. (iv) Removal of kings from the power. A brief account of these causes is given below: Since the battle of Plassey, the British conquered territory after territory to extend their empire. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. The middle and upper classes of India … According to the rumour the enfeild rifles used the fat of two animals,namely cow and pig. The political objective of the 1857 uprising was to overthrow British rule and replace it with an alternate order. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. The peasants, artisans and craftsmen suffered poor economic conditions under the British. A natural concequences of the British rule was the economic exploitation of the country. (ii) Unemployment of craftsmen. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. • In fact, the revolt of 1857 was the outburst of people´s feelings against, social, economic and political exploitation and hence participants from almost every field i.e. Prior to the revolt of 1857, there were several rumours circulating in the society. # The Ruin of the Trade and Handicrafts:The East India Company had been established in 1600 A.D. to compete … Massive Unemployment : Total uprooting of artisans and local sources of employment was another cause why the Revolt of 1857 could be brought about. Not a shilling was spent from the British treasury on the defense of the India. Answer. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic,socio-religious and military causes. Annexation of princely states = no patronage for artisans = destruction of Indian handicrafts. Following are the economic causes of the uprising of 1857: In order to consolidate their hegemony over India, the British Government bought cheap raw material from India and then flooded the Indian markets with their finished goods. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? Economic Causes. Details, Madhya Pradesh The generally accepted view is that although the rising of 1857 started as a revolt of Indian sepoys. The traders were also paid less. Causes behind the Revolt of 1857. Some causes of this revolt are listed below: ECONOMIC CAUSES:-The most important cause of the discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? 1. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. B) … Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. MEDIUM. Causes of Revolt The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips Card, GATE 3. The main problem with Britishers was that they only came in India to exploit its resources which could hardly be seen by the Indian rulers of that time. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. The strong opposition to the social legislation especially coming from the orthodox elements in both the Hindu and the Muslim community put the British on the defensive. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. The rebellion was first started by sepoys of the company’s army on May 10, 1857 at Meerut. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. If the answer is not available please wait for a while and a community member will probably answer this soon. Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857 The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. Ruin of agriculture by draconian land reforms. 10. The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt. The Revolt of 1857 convinced the British the futility of interfering in the traditional socio-religious customs of India. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: First, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… This hurt all the sections of the society. A) Heavy taxation. Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. Some other reasons that led to the formation of the revolt of 1857 were the economical discrimination. Political causes: (i) Policy of Doctrine of Lapse. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. When did organ music become associated with baseball? People felt that the British policies were exploiting India as a country economically. What are the Economic causes the revolt of 1857. (ii) Satara, Jhansi, Udaipur, Jaipur came under British control. The Questions and Answers of what was the immediate cause of revolt of 1857 Related: Chapter Notes - When People Rebel? The British policy of economically exploiting India also became one of the causes of the revolt. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. Peasants, rural artisans etc. Course and Spread of the Revolt: Delhi: On 12 th May Delhi was seized and Bahadur Shah II was proclaimed the emperor of India. Economic aspects can be seen in the basic reasons of this revolution.it's not that difficult as there is a very strong stream of historiography that uses theory of economic … Ever since the grant of Diwani was made to the British in 1765, land revenue became an issue of much burden. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? Causes of Revolt of 1857 The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and … Cloudflare Ray ID: 606689f4fadcc290 The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Destruction of traditional Indian Economy. The revolt of 1857 was though a regional manifestation yet the causes and the events that instigated the revolt were surely having a Pan-Indian characteristic. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. Economic causes were among the major causes of this rebellion. Some causes of this revolt are listed below: ECONOMIC CAUSES:-The most important cause of the discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British. The peasants were burdened by heavy land revenue, last their lands to landlords and moneylenders. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. In this article, we have summarized the causes… 1. The causes behind the revolt of 1857 were many, religion being one of them. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. (iii) Cancellation of princely titles. The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. The company s policy of greed and aggrandisement created contempt in the mind of people for the company s rule which was further worsened due to aloofness of the British towards sensitivities of the Indian society. Economic cause; Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. How long will the footprints on the moon last? Economic Factors (Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857): This was a vital factor as it affected a large section of Indian society. Political causes: (i) Policy of Doctrine of Lapse. 1. Your IP: 144.76.6.36 The political objective of the 1857 uprising was to overthrow British rule and replace it with an alternate order. The Economic condition of India was other causes of the Revolt of 1857. were impoverished under the British rule. After 1770 when the spoys (indian soldiers work and recruited under Britishers )were recruited and British nominals were made heads of different states ,the popular discontent started among tha chaotic minds of indian people who were ruled before by mughals that were somehow polite in terms of … The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. All Rights Reserved. Thus, the territorial greed of the British and the reaction of the Indian princes against that aggression was the political cause of the Revolt of 1857. The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. Bareily: Economic. (v) Unemployment of Soldiers. As a result, there was an increase in dissatisfaction and hatred against British rule among different sections of Indian society. The discontent and disaffection of Indians ultimately manifested in the form of the Great Rebellion of 1857. Explain the political and economic causes for the revolt of 1857. A lot of books written in this period revolt of 1857. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. Question 3: The Revolt of 1857 can be attributed to many causes. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. Other general causes of revolt were the British land revenue policies and the systems of law and administration. 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